Muammar Abu Meniar el-Gaddafi aka Colonel Muammar Gaddafi was born in the North African desert, south of Sirte, Libya on 7 June 1942.
Gaddafi Early Life
Gaddafi was the son of a poor Bedouin nomad. He graduated from the University of Libya and Libya’s military academy and was a devout Muslim and ardent nationalist. He received further military training in Hellenic Military Academy in Athens, Greece and the United Kingdom. As a teenager, Gaddafi was an admirer of Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser and his Arab socialist and nationalist ideology.
He espoused his own form of Islamic socialism, and his foreign policy was anti-Western and anti-Israel. He is married to Sofija Farkas from Mostar, Bosnia and Herzegovina, who is his second wife. Gaddafi has seven sons and one daughter. He has also adopted two children, Hanna and Milad. Hanna was killed during the United States’ bombing campaign of Libya in 1986.
Colonel Gaddafi has been the leader of Libya since a coup in 1969. As a captain in the army, he led the 1969 coup that deposed King Idris. He led a bloodless coup toppling King Idris at the age of 27, and has since maintained tight control of his oil-rich country by clamping down on dissidents. The ongoing bloody uprising poses the most serious domestic challenge to his rule. Overthrew the monarchy of Libya in the so-called “Green Revolution” in 1969, establishing a socialist Arab state under his leadership. Gaddafi Wrote “The Green Book” which is Libya’s constitution.
In 1970 he closed U.S. and British military bases and expelled Italians and Jews. He banned alcoholic beverages and gambling and in 1973 nationalized the oil industry. He made unsuccessful attempts to unify Libya with other countries. He narrowly escaped death in 1986 when U.S. planes bombed sites in Libya, including his own residence.
At the UN General Assembly in 2009, Gaddafi accused the body of being a terrorism group like al-Qaeda. His vision of a United States of Africa resulted in the foundation of the African Union. In September 2009, Gaddafi visited the US for the first time for his first appearance at the UN General Assembly.
In February 2011, major political protests broke out in Libya against Gaddafi’s government. As of February 23, 2011, Gaddafi is reported as having lost control of large parts of the country. In power since 1969, Libya’s Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is the longest-serving leader in both Africa and the Arab world.
Due to strong public protest, Gaddafi is hiding & reported as escapes from Libyan.
Muammar Gaddafi death
Muammar Gaddafi and his forces lost the Battle of Tripoli in August, and on 16 September 2011 the NTC took Libya’s seat at the UN, replacing Gaddafi. Gaddafi retained control over parts of Libya, most remarkably the city of Sirte, to which it was supposed that he had fled. Although Gaddafi‘s forces initially held out against the NTC’s advances, Muammar Gaddafi was captured as Sirte fell to the rebel forces on 20 October 2011, and died soon after.